Kurgan is the administrative centre of the Kurgan oblast which is a part of the Urals Federal District.
Kurgan is the city of machine-building industry and innovative Russian medicine. The military industry of the country is represented here by the production of the infantry combat vehicle BMP.
The city is situated on the Tobol river 1973 kilometres away from Moscow.
The city was founded in 1662. First it was called Tsaryovo Gorodishche (Tsar's Settlement Site).
Most of the plants and factories we see in Kurgan today have been evacuated here from the Western regions of the USSR during the World War II.
Culture & Education
The city has a puppet theatre "Gulliver", a drama theatre, a philharmonic hall. There are several museums in the city - for arts, aviation, local lore, there are house museums of Decembrists, poets, and fairy tale writers.
The academic community is represented by the Russian Ilizarov Scientific Center for Restorative Traumatology and Orthopaedics, the Institute for Retraining of Education Workers, a branch of the Institute of Economics of the Urals Branch of RAS.
The following people from Kurgan are world-famous: Gavriil Ilizarov (1921-1992) - a trauma surgeon, a member of RAS, the inventor of an orthopaedic apparatus which carries his name, and Yakov Vitebskiy, MD, professor, the creator of a new sphere in science - valvular gastroenterology.
The city of Kurgan is twinned with Rufina (Florence, Italy) and Appleton (Wisconsin, USA).
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