Surgut is the largest and the most economically advanced city in the Khanty-Mansiysk Autonomous Okrug - Ugra.
Surgut was founded in 1594 as a timber fortress by a Cossack detachment. Soon the convenient geographic location and water routes made it the centre of a huge territory - the Surgut province. The local population hunted for fur animals and caught valuable fish.
The basis of the city's economy is the energy generation and the oil industries. Surgut is the home to the headquarters and the main production facilities of OAO Surgutneftegaz - one of the leading oil producers in Russia.
The Surgut power generation facilities - SDPP-1 (State District Power Plant) and SDPP-2 running on the associated petroleum gas - are considered to be amongst the most powerful generating facilities in the world. Their aggregate capacity is 8 thousand megawatt. Electricity from these facilities is supplied to Ugra and the Tyumen Oblast, as well as to other Russian regions.
The city has a strong construction sector. Annual construction volume amounts to about 200 thousand square meters of housing, as well as leisure, commercial, and public facilities.
Culture & Education
Surgut is a growing city with young and wealthy population. Over 90,000 of its inhabitants belong to the 14 to 30 age group. The city has a network of high schools and universities, including a State University, a State Pedagogical University, several branches of leading Russian universities, music and medical colleges, vocational schools, and technical colleges.
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