Kungur is a city in the Perm Krai. It is the administrative centre of the Kungur District. The city is located between the rivers Sylva and Iren 80 km south-east of Perm.
This old Russian city is a historical and architectural reserve.
Kungur was founded in 1648 on the Kungurka river. In 1662, during the Seit revolt, the city was destroyed. In 1663, following the order of the Tsar Alexei Mikhailovich, it was rebuilt at a new location - at the confluence of the rivers Sylva and Iren.
For the nine months of 2008 (January to September) the volume of locally manufactured goods shipped, works completed and services provided by large and medium-sized companies of the city in all sectors of economy was 6 billion roubles. The growth in comparison to the year 2007 was 27.5%.
In January-September 2008 the volume of capital investments was 406 million roubles. The largest investments were made into the construction of industrial buildings and into the modernization of the existing and the purchasing of new equipment.
The city has several large food processing companies (a dairy plant, a meat processing factory, a flour mill) and a shoe factory.
Culture & Education
In 1970 the city was added to the list of small provincial historic cities of the Russian Federation. Within the city there are 4 cultural heritage sites of nationwide significance and 54 sites of regional importance. There also are 4 worshipping Orthodox churches. The historical and natural heritage of the city is presented in the expositions of the History and the Art Museums, as well as the Museum of Stone.
The city is the home to a unique geological landmark: the Kungur ice cave - one of the largest karst caves in the European part of Russia. The total length of the explored part of the cave is 5.7 kilometres, the tourist route is 1.5 kilometres. There is a crystal-clear water lake inside the cave. According to the researchers' estimates, this cave is about 10-12 thousand years old. This ice cave is one of the very few in the world and the only one of its kind in Russia; it is studied and researched by scientists on a regular basis.
The city has several colleges - automotive, agricultural, teacher training, crafts, industrial technology, management, and design, as well as the Forestry College and a branch of the Perm Technical University.
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