Salekhard is the administrative centre of the world's largest gas producing region - the Yamal-Nenets Autonomous Okrug. This is the only town on Earth that lies at the Arctic Circle latitude.
Population: 40 thousand people.
Salekhard is located in the restricted access border area of the Russian Federation and a special permit is needed to enter the town.
Salekhard was founded in 1595 as Obdorskaya Krepost (Obdorsk Fortress) - the northernmost Russian fortress in Siberia, and an outpost of Russia on the way to the Pacific Ocean and the Arctic Ocean. Not only was Obdorsk the military outpost of the Russian central administration - the local starshini (chiefs) of the Nenets people used to reside here almost all the time. The town received its present name in 1933.
Salekhard is a typical monocity, with the majority of its population working in the public sector. The town's primary function is to be the administration and management centre of a large gas producing region. Just over 20 thousand people are involved in the economic activities.
The town is connected to the Labytnangi railway station by a ferry across the Ob river in the summer or an ice road in the winter.
Culture and Education
The town's cultural network includes three libraries, a school of arts for children, and culture and sports centres.
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